Sources: “Statistics on the Extent of European Colonialism,” – link here
What is Imperialism?
- European powers interested in acquiring overseas possessions since the 1500s; foreign land colonization had also been happening since that time.
- 19th century Imperialism differed from earlier colonialism in that European nations were more interested in gaining exclusive access to an area’s resources than obtaining land for settlements.
- By 1900, Europe and the United States controlled more than 90% of Africa, more than half of Asia, and most of Polynesia.
- For a while, Europeans has considered themselves superior to the “dark peoples” of the world. Intellectually, culturally and spiritually.
- Many Europeans justified Imperialism by claiming that it was their “duty” to “civilize” the people who they considered to be “primitive”(people of color).
- Industrial revolution began
- Factory system led to an increase in the production of goods.
- Europe had a limited supply of materials.
- Europeans thought that Imperialism would be the way to have access to all these needed materials.
The Missionary Impulse:
- Christian missionaries sent to distant regions to “save” indigenous souls.
- Converting Job shifted to charity groups in 19th century
- Ideas of Christian Salvation reshaped
Imperialism and Build-Up to WWI
- Nationalism becomes more virulent
- Militarism increases
- Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated in 1914
(Question to self. Did I leave anything out?)